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hvac estimating pdf

Log In Sign Up. Louie Ibarreta. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Like any other estimators, those working on plumbing, HVAC, and electrical work need a thorough knowledge of how the work is done in that trade before they can assemble accurate quotes for the work. To be accurate, the prices for these quotes will have to be estimated using the same meticulous method used by build- ing estimators with their work. That is, irst prepare an accurate takeoff of the work items, then, by means of unit prices, calculate the anticipated cost of these items of work.

Below we have identiied the main items of work and how they are measured in a takeoff for each of these trades. Plumbing Work Generally On small residential projects, such as single houses and duplex houses, it is unusual to see much information about the plumbing system on the project plans other than, perhaps, the location of the main plumbing vent and basement loor drains.

Lacking details from the plans, the estimator often has to draw sketches to be able to assess the plumbing layout for a house. These sketches can then help the estimator evaluate measurements such as the length of pipes for water supply and sewers on the project.

Enumerate connections of water lines to the main. Describe and measure hot water and cold water pipes in linear feet. Describe and enumerate ittings and valves. Describe and enumerate hangers and supports for pipes. Sanitary Sewer Pipes and Fittings 5. Describe and measure pipes in linear feet to 5 feet from the building.

Describe and enumerate backlow preventers, cleanouts, loor drains, roof drains, valves, and ittings. Describe and enumerate hangers and supports for piping. Fixtures and Equipment 8. Describe and enumerate ixtures and equipment, including: a. Water meters b.

HVAC - Piping - Plumbing and Ductwork Estimating Software

Gas meters c. Water pressure reducing valves d. Water heaters Copyright Cengage Learning. Pumps f. Lavatory basins g. Water closets h. Bidets i. Sinks j. Laundry tubs k.All the training and support you need to be successful is included with your membership.

Since we have had nearly users estimate more than 1.

hvac estimating pdf

You can add images of your client's equipment to your maintenance agreements proposals. Yes, of course we offer a Full Coverage type maintenance agreement. If fact we offer 4 varieties of them.

HVAC Maintenance Estimator

Everyone of your questions will be answered, we'll even help you customize your maintenance agreement documents. We'll connect on the web and teach each and every user you sign up how to get the most out of our service agreement estimator. Did you get busy during your 30 trial period? Let us know, we'll extend it another 30 days! We Know Estimatingsee for yourself.

Over the years we have built strong relationships with contractors in 5 countries that supply us with accurate data about time and cost of servicing HVAC equipment.

There is actually more than 50 years of data and over a billion dollars worth of commercial service agreements compiled into our estimating system. You are welcome and encouraged to give our system a try. Our estimating is trusted by companies in all 50 of these United States of America. Having options for your clients means you have a better chance of gain their business. We bring more agreement types than any other estimating system. Using our Estimate Modifiers you can even create completely custom agreement types to fit amy client needs you come across.

You have complete control over who has access to your estimating system, unlike physical disc installations that can disappear. Plus you have no special system or hardware requirements, no hidden files unknowingly installed on your computer. Just login and get to work, any where, any time. Complete data backups are performed every night. They are stored for 7 days, then archived for 30 days. Toggle navigation.

Home Everything. Videos Testimonials Tutorials. Training Support Videos Contact. Common Questions. How Many Users Since we have had nearly users estimate more than 1.

Images In Proposals Absolutely! Full Coverage Yes, of course we offer a Full Coverage type maintenance agreement. See a comparison. Tech Support Everyone of your questions will be answered, we'll even help you customize your maintenance agreement documents.

Support is included. Training Classes We'll connect on the web and teach each and every user you sign up how to get the most out of our service agreement estimator. Monthly Single user account paid every month. Try It Now. Yearly Single user account paid annually.

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HVAC Estimate Template

Enterprise Unlimited user account paid monthly. Free Trial.When you think about it in those terms you can start to understand how much power estimators really have. They can make or break an HVAC company. A company could have the best technicians, the best managers, and the best people in the office. So what happens behind the scenes with estimators?

What do estimators really look for in a bid? David Hoeing is an experienced senior estimator based out of the greater St. Louis area. He sat down with us to explain that estimating is all about understanding the complexities of many different variables, while at the same time navigating the politics of the industry.

Unfortunately that is rare. Restaurants, medical buildings, schools, and office buildings are common commercial clients who bid out jobs to HVAC companies. A lot of times these types of mistakes in bidding documents are unintentional and can get worked out with a phone call or site visit. If a discrepancy persists in the bidding documents then this will likely result in a skewed bid. Sometimes projects will change while the bidding process is ongoing.

But sometimes those in the HVAC industry who are writing a contract proposal will intentionally try to confuse the estimator to make a quick buck. The project always goes to the lowest bidder, so leaking these numbers amounts to telling other subcontractors how low they have to go if they want the project. This puts the estimator in a tight spot.

Should he talk with the HVAC company owner, resubmit a lower bid, and take a loss? First, this could be a trick to make the subcontractor come down to an artificially low price. Second, and this is where knowledge is really power, the estimator will have already taken a good and careful look at the project. A good estimator will know to a high degree of accuracy what a project is worth.

This allows the subcontractor to keep very tight margins that account for all the costs of a project — labor, materials, taxes, and more. Estimates can also leak out due to favoritism. It takes a good HVAC company owner to tell the difference between someone showing favoritism versus someone trying to artificially lower a bid. In this case, if the franchise puts a project on the market and other contractors underbid you, the franchise owner might come to you and try and get you to lower your bid.

Sometimes the reverse is true. Some will say the first big number that comes to mind, while others will take a more scientific approach that involves calculating the volume of the jar and a jellybean.

In this sense estimates are seldom correct. But a good estimator is going to come up with highly accurate numbers most of the time. Considering that the lowest bid always wins, you might think there is considerable pressure to low-ball estimates.

But doing that — and always going over-budget — has its own kind of blowback. Request Information.It can take five hours for a HVAC or ductwork takeoff and bid. It doesn't have to. See for yourself with our HVAC estimating software free software demo. All you need is an internet connection and a project to quote on. Our simple and powerful estimating tools will guide you through the process, and if you decide to continue our prices are as low as just a couple of dollars per day.

hvac estimating pdf

RapidBid is designed by experts, tested by contractors, and it helps you prepare accurate quotes quickly and easily, with simple-to-follow video walkthroughs.

Contractors who are spending hours on a takeoff for a single project. Contractors who have to leave construction sites to spend afternoons, evenings and weekends with pencils and paper instead of overseeing the fitting and installation of vents and ducts.

When we were developing RapidBid, they had questions. Here are the answers you need before you book your free demo:. RapidBid guides you through the process, from reviewing and choosing plans, through on-screen scaling, measuring and counting, through to generating a full spreadsheet complete with your pre-loaded materials costs and fees. When we say free, we mean free. You can choose to continue with one of our three monthly packages, which start from a couple of dollars per day.

You can see our ductwork estimating software packages and prices here. Click the button below, and you can use RapidBid on your next takeoff or estimate. Our HVAC estimating software free demo is only a click away. It has increased the speed that we can win work four times over, at least. HVAC and ductwork estimates in 60 minutes. Contractors who are looking for a simpler, easier way to work. Here are the answers you need before you book your free demo: Do I need to be a computer expert?

How do I carry out a ductwork takeoff? Is the free demo really free? Ashley AJDR. On Tap Plumbing. AL Contract Services.We are often asked to recommend books for estimating. I used the following estimating books from Craftsman for years to compile estimates for our company. These are available from Craftsman Book Company. Provides manhours, recommended crew, and the labor cost for installation of every job and practically every type of material in construction.

Provides clear descriptions on what is included in the job being estimated so you know exactly what the job and the prices for that job entail. Every cost is carefully described. It even provides suggested crew sizes, and equipment rates.

Details at the link. An internet connection is required. Current labor and material prices for home improvement projects. Take advantage of home improvement jobs you may never have bid on before by relying on the solid cost figures in this reference. Provides manhours for each job, recommended crew size, and the labor cost for the removal and installation work. Many assembly prices are included to help you speed your estimates, just add linear or square feet to complete the estimate.

Material prices are current, with location adjustment factors and free quarterly software updates on the Web. Gives step-by-step instructions for the work, with helpful diagrams, and home improvement shortcuts and tips from an expert. Recently added sections include: Restorative drying, water damage and mold remediation.

Smart home electrical management systems prices that comply with U. Green Building Council standards for energy-efficient upgrades. LED lighting retrofit costs, HEPA central air filtration retrofit costs, heat recovery ventilator central system retrofit costs, storm flood damage repair and prevention costs, mold and dry rot remediation costs, basement HVAC restoration costs, corrosion coating costs, and much more.

Current prices in dollars and cents for hard-to-find items needed on most insurance, repair, remodeling, and renovation jobs. All price items include labor, material, and equipment breakouts, plus special charts that tell you exactly how these costs are calculated.

Provides recommended crew sizes; average production rates; exact material, equipment, and labor costs; a total unit cost and a total price including overhead and profit. Separate listings for high- and low-volume builders, so prices shown are specific for any size business. Estimating tips specific to repair and remodeling work to make your bids complete, realistic, and profitable. Book print edition includes free National Estimator download, a stand-alone Windows estimating program for Windows PCs.

Current prices in dollars and cents and detailed descriptions for hard-to-find items needed on most insurance, repair, remodeling, and renovation jobs.

hvac estimating pdf

Square-foot costs for residential, commercial, industrial, military, schools, greenhouses, manufactured homes, fire stations, libraries, churches, government offices and farm buildings. Includes important variables that can make any building unique from a cost standpoint. A smart resource for adjusters and appraisers using the cost approach. Quickly work up a reliable budget estimate based on actual materials and design features, class of construction, area, shape, wall height, number of floors, and support requirements.

Includes easy-to-use software that calculates total in-place cost estimates. Use the regional cost adjustment factors provided to tailor the estimate to any jobsite in the U.Estimating the cost of labor for installing HVAC projects will vary depending on the specific project and the experience of the laborers and can be estimated by either hourly work or a flat rate.

Flat-rate estimating for labor costs may require specific historical data of an HVAC installation company to produce an accurate calculation, as you will need to estimate the amount of hours that are needed to complete the project.

Beginners may benefit from offering an hourly charge for labor until proper completion time data can be collected. HVAC refers to any equipment associated with the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems required and specified in construction.

During the design and planning process of a new construction project, a mechanical engineer specifies and designs an HVAC system to best fit the given project. This section of the building construction documents is drawn in great detail and offers a valuable and, in most cases, accurate resource for an HVAC subcontractor to estimate the materials and cost of the project. The process of estimating an HVAC job is a generally straightforward task that can usually be successfully completed by just about anyone with a general understanding of HVAC construction.

Locate the scale of the mechanical engineering sheet of the building plans and the corresponding scale factor on the architect scale; the scale of the drawing is most commonly located under the title of the sheet. Measure and mark the total length of mechanical duct lines refer to the sheets key for line types and count the total number of turns the duct work makes, as turns in the duct work require the use of either flex duct or angle duct material.

Depending on the project, there may be more than one type of duct width or diameter used on the project; in this case, make a list of the different duct sizes and mark the total length and number of turns for each. The size of the duct will be noted on the sheet and will be tagged to the specific duct area. Refer to the mechanical engineering sheet for specific product information, if applicable.

Make a tallied list of all mechanical equipment; this category applies to fans, air handlers, heating units and air-conditioning units.

The specifications for this equipment will be noted clearly either next to the individual units or on the key notes section of the sheet. The size or capacitymodel and manufacturer of the units should be included on the list. Make a tallied list of all supplementary mechanical equipment. This category applies to thermostats, vent grills and equipment mounting materials may differ depending on local building code and specifications.

Call a local HVAC building supply center and quote the current unit cost of listed items found in Steps 2 through 4. Multiply the current unit cost of each item by the number of items needed to find the total cost of materials for the project. For ventilation ducts, multiply the unit cost per foot by the total number of feet measured in Step 2. Cavan Barry is an architecture student with over a decade of experience in the general construction field, and four years in architecture.

Barry also has nearly a decade of automotive repair experience and is an avid auto enthusiast.The following will serve as a guide for estimating the cooling load requirement for a given space or building.

Before going into a detailed heat load analysis the approximate load may be obtained by using the factors in column 4 of Table 1. If room units are to be used then the analysis usually ends by selecting the next highest capacity unit or combination of units. Otherwise, a more detailed analysis, set out as follows is adopted to get a more accurate heat load.

CFM Calculation in AHU/CSU/FCU - Hindi

Air ConditioningA process which heats, cools, cleans and circulates air and controls its moisture content. This process is done simultaneously and all year round. Orientation of building - Location of the space to be air conditioned with respect to :a Compass points - sun and wind effectsb Nearby permanent structures - shading effectsc Reflective surfaces - water, sand, parking lots, etc. Use of space s - Office, hospitals, department store, specialty shop, machine shop, factory, assembly plant, etc.

Ceiling height - Floor to floor height, floor to ceiling, clearance between suspended ceiling and beams. Construction materials - Materials and thickness of walls, roof, ceiling, floors and partitions and their relative position in the structure. Surrounding conditions - Exterior colour of walls and roof, shaded by adjacent building or sunlit.

Attic spaces - vented or unvented, gravity or forced ventilation. Surrounding spaces conditioned or unconditioned-temperature of non-conditioned adjacent spaces, such as furnace, boiler room, kitchen etc.

Floor on ground basement etc. Windows - Size and location, wood or metal sash, single or double hung. Type of glass - single or multipane. Type of shading device. Dimensions of reveals and overhangs.

Stairways, elevators and escalators - Location, temperature of space if open to unconditioned area. Horsepower of machinery, ventilated or not. People - Number, duration of occupancy, nature of activity, any special concentration. At times, it is required to estimate the number of people on the basis of square feet per person or on average traffic.

Lighting - Wattage at peak. Type - incandescent, fluorescent, recessed, exposed. If the light are recessed, the type of air flow over the lights, exhaust, return or supply, should be anticipated. At times, it is required to estimate the wattage on a basis of watts per sq. Motors - location, name plate and brake horsepower and usage. The latter is of great significance and should be carefully evaluated.

It is always advisable to measure power input where possible.


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